Gear for Bikepacking the Great Divide

I have been bikepacking for four years, and in that time I have fine-tuned my gear selection. Trial and error is the best teacher. What works for me will not necessarily work for you.

I am not sponsored by any companies. So far, these companies have been great about providing warranty repairs and replacements. I only mention the brand when I am particularly impressed by a product.

I recommend buying good gear and making it last. That is what I have done. I ride all of my bikes (and gear) into the ground. If the frame is not (yet) broken, I keep riding the bike, replacing parts when they need to be replaced. The same goes for gear.

I have good reasons for selecting each of these items. Please feel free to ask me about any of my choices.

Bicycle: Specialized S-Works Stumpjumper 29-er (Fox Float front shock with Lizard  Skins fork boot, no rear shock), Profile Design century aero bars, Ergon grips, Maxxis Ardent tires (tubeless), Shimano clipless pedals with platform, Shimano hydraulic disc brakes, 2×10 gearing and a saddle you can spend all day in

Bags: Revelate saddle, frame & handlebar packs, top tube feed bag and Revelate Mountain Feedbag, REI dry sacks, extra straps (to keep bags in place)

  • Clothes go in the saddle bag. Tent and extra food go in the handlebar pack. Water, sleeping bag and air mattress go in (or on) the hydration backpack. Everything else (the heavy stuff!) goes in the frame pack.

Backpack: Osprey Synchro hydration pack with extra bladder

Clothes: Helmet and helmet cover, cycling cap, buff, 45Nrth balaclava, bib shorts and synthetic T-Shirt, sunglasses, cycling tights, base layer, rain pants, rain jacket, waterproof socks, compression socks, thick and thin socks, long-fingered cycling gloves, winter gloves, waterproof glove liners, booties, primaloft jacket, multi-sport clipless cycling shoes, sun sleeves/arm warmers

Electronics: AA and AAA lithium-ion batteries, USB charger (battery powered), rear blinking lights, NiteRider Maco handlebar and helmet lights (battery powered), Garmin 800 touring GPS (USB powered), Garmin eTrex 30 GPS (battery powered), mini MP3 player, camera, SPOT tracker

Personal: House key, passport, driver’s license, debit card, cash, health insurance card, sunscreen, lip balm, toilet paper, hand sanitizer, Adventure Cycling maps, Aquamira water purification solution, travel soap, travel toothbrush & toothpaste, disposable razor, comb and hair bands, Sea to Summit DryLite antibacterial towel, ziplock baggies, field booklets (for journaling), a bear bell (fixed to the handlebar), knife, lighter, rope, baby wipes, a whistle

First Aid: Triple antibiotic ointment, Duoderm bandages, Eucerin and tea tree oil, bandages and bandaids, antiseptic towelettes, clothes pins, mole skin, tweezers, prescription z-pack (antibiotics), prescription allergy meds and allergy eye drops

Sleeping system: Big Agnes Copper Spur UL1 tent, Thermarest Fast & Light air mattress, primaloft 30 degree backpacking sleeping bag

Tools/Parts: Pump, patch kit, multi-tool (with chain breaker), quick link, tire levers, tire boot, CO2 inflator and cartridge, tube, spoke wrench, derailleur hanger, shoe cleat, duct tape, brake pads (two sets), chain lube, zip ties, cable, water nozzle, GPS mounts, Specialized crank tightening tool, wheel valve stem


Riding the Great Divide, starting Saturday

Staring Saturday, I am bicycling the Great Divide Mountain Bike Route, from Silver City, New Mexico to (at least!) Whitefish, Montana. You can follow me here, at my SPOT tracker page. (I recorded this evening’s ride, just to make sure it is working. It is.)

I plan to be on the Divide 3-4 weeks (2,000+ miles!), camping, hosteling and writing as I go. I have another book in the works about riding the Great Divide. 🙂


The rig is just about ready!

I will try to post photographs, wherever there are libraries.

Happy riding,


Experiments in Living: Quality of Life, Finances and Ethics (Part II)

Image Source

In my last post I talked about how I am examining how the various pieces of my life fit together. Some changes I made last week exemplify this mode of thinking. Going carless has implications that ripple throughout many aspects of my life, bringing benefits that far exceed the (merely) financial benefit of not owning a vehicle.

Eight days ago I sold my car. I keep checking my parking space to confirm it is not there. The space is empty, and so is my stomach. I am hungry from biking everywhere!

For seventeen years (a full half of my life!) I have owned and operated a vehicle. Watching my beautiful silver Honda CRV drive away without me was not easy. I recalled all the adventures I had with that car. However, to be fair, I have had far better adventures on my bicycles. 🙂

Eight days later I am happy with my decision. I enjoy bicycle commuting 5-15 miles a day. I feel more engaged in the city; more people talk to me, and I am quickly learning where everything is, forming a mental map in my mind. I use my bikepacking bags for groceries. There is something intensely satisfying about getting around everywhere on your own physical power. 

Sometimes it gets really hot. This is the Sonoran Desert, after all. But that is okay. I drink a lot of water and eat more, to fuel my body (instead of my vehicle). I am still learning how to monitor my energy levels and appetite, which fluctuate more during the day. I am still learning how to cook better, inviting friends over for dinner to sample my concoctions. My vegan cornbread and tamales are a hit!

It does take a little more planning to go places, but friends and family have been flexible with me. I tend to choose social engagements that are closer to my residence (i.e., within ten miles). I offer to chip in for gas, if a friend drives me somewhere (a win-win). For long-distance travel, I use Greyhound, which has the advantages of low cost, little hassle, relatively low fuel consumption per passenger, free Wi-Fi, free bicycle storage and extensive routes and schedules. And you can buy a ticket the day before you travel. In these ways, buses beat flying. 

I suppose going carless is a constraint on my freedom; however, owning and maintaining a vehicle is also a constraint on my freedom, in the sense that it demands precious time and money (money = time), not to mention the unpleasantness of driving on Tucson’s busy streets. Tucson’s bicycle paths are far more serene. The time I spend traveling is now time I enjoy. 

The other big change that happened last week is that I cancelled my car insurance and the portion of my medical insurance that pays for routine care. In the past year, I have pursued routine healthcare from clinics that take insurance and clinics that favor cash-paying patients (an “experiment in living“). I found that I much prefer the sort of care I get from a doctor whom I pay directly. What is more, I am wary of insurance companies dictating my healthcare choices and wasting my time with elaborate, paternalistic policies and unfair claim denials. Good riddance!

I now have insurance for what insurance is actually for: emergencies. There is one exception. Interestingly, my (old) dog’s health insurance policy is a mere $44 a month, a bargain when you consider the number of expensive procedures he has had. PetPlanUSA has never once disputed a claim. Perhaps we should take a cue from the pet healthcare system?

It is also interesting to compare vehicle and bicycle insurance. In my city car insurance costs eight times what renter’s insurance costs. Renter’s insurance covers bicycles. And yet my three bicycles have the same net worth as my former vehicle.

Although I have some basic insurance policies, the best insurance I have is my health (which I maintain through bicycling and a plant-based diet) and my strong bicycle locks. My bicycle locks even come with an anti-theft program: if a thief breaks the lock, then the Bell Garage will pay the renter’s insurance deductible.

What about routine bicycle maintenance? I am currently taking a comprehensive bicycle maintenance class through my local bicycle cooperative. Most cities have bicycle cooperatives, which rent out bike stands and tools. The cooperative also sells and gives away bicycle parts. There are always several knowledgeable mechanics on hand to show you how to service your own bicycle. There is something intensely satisfying about fixing your own bicycle. Last night I took a front wheel that could barely spin and remade it into a wheel that revolves effortlessly. Beautiful!

The final big milestone that happened this last week is that I finally reached my goal of getting my monthly bills down to under $300 a month. It is possible. These are my current monthly bills:

Bills [$260/month]

$10StateFarm renter’s insurance

$22 – PetPlanUSA health insurance for my dog (split with his father)

$22 – No contract TING flip phone

$180 – HOA fees (condo utilities, maintenance, Internet, property taxes, etc.)

$25 – Tucson Electric & Power electricity (with community solar blocks)

$ 1 – Ambetter high deductible health insurance (Bronze Plan through Obamacare)

I want to be clear. These choices are not just financial choices. They are also quality of life choices. They are ethical choices, too. If I ever purchase another vehicle, it will be fully electric, given the fact that fossil fuels are cancer-causing and environmentally destructive. Like many, I also believe our current healthcare system is corrupt. Creating economic demand for clinics that are transparent about prices and serve patients instead of insurers is extremely important.

Though I have only touched on a couple of my new habits, I plan to continue blogging about different experiments in living. Stay tuned!


Oro Valley (North Tucson), photojournal

For fast, flowy single-track and some challenging climbs, check out Oro Valley’s trails. Not every mountain bike trail in Tucson is advanced, fortunately.

The Route (Bumblebee Trail [lollipop stem] and Ridgeline Trail [lollipop top]):

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Carly and Hilary (above)



Starr Pass (Tucson), a photojournal

Tonight I rode Starr Pass, the only Tucson trail network I have never ridden. Where has this been all my life?! I think I have a new favorite trail. 🙂 The full moon definitely added to the “night riding” experience.

Route (9-mile loop, 1-2 hours to complete):

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Happy Memorial Day,


Experiments in Living: Ethics, Habits and Happiness (Part I)

Image of Harriet Taylor Mill. Image source.

I am writing this entry in light of my previous post (“A Simple Path: Needs, Nonconformity and Non-Distraction”) and the new name of my blog (“Experiments in Living”). Moreover, I am myself engaged in experiments in living. I am changing my habits and, in the process, reexamining the way in which the various parts of my life fit (or fail to fit) together to promote my own flourishing and the flourishing of those around me, both human and nonhuman.

I am amazed at how a simple thing like free time enables one to see oneself and one’s world better. To experiment in living. To change. To grow. In the developed world distraction and purposeless busyness are the primary barriers to people (including myself) becoming better. But most people, if given the time to care for themselves and undo the damage done to their bodies, souls and relationships, will emerge much better and better off.

As an extreme endurance athlete, I am deeply familiar with the natural healing and regenerative capacities of the human body. Why suppose that the human mind or spirit is any different? Why suppose that it cannot heal itself, if given the time? In endurance sports we are fond of saying that recovery is half of training. The athlete who ceaselessly trains and neglects recovery becomes unfit. So too in life.

Experiments in Living

Though I do not personally accept consequentialist ethical theories like utilitarianism, I do find a lot of value in the writings of utilitarian philosopher John Stuart Mill, who co-thought and co-wrote with his companion and (later) wife, Harriet Taylor.

One feature of Mill’s liberalism was his defense of ‘Experiments of Living’ — that is to say, people “experimenting” with different forms of life, so as to discover better human habits. The concept is not unlike the ‘Marketplace of Ideas’ (also defended by Mill): create a political and cultural environment in which different ideas proliferate and compete, and the Truth (or a better approximation thereof) will emerge. Similarly, encourage human beings to “experiment” in their daily habits and lifestyles, and the Good Life (or a better approximation thereof) will emerge.


It is not “easy” to become an ethical person; in a lot of cases, being ethical and happy demands non-conformity. Unfortunately, a personal ethics based on rational principles or “going to church on Sundays” is insufficient. On the other hand, an ethics based on developing strong habits of heart, mind and attention is hard but also genuine. Indeed, I have come to believe that the only authentic ethics is an ethics grounded in, and responsive to, individual human nature — an ethics that works on, and for, people.

My Habits

These habits are not my goals. They are my habits. They are practices I regularly pursue. And they give structure to my days.

Some of my habits include the following:

  1. Frequenting local libraries, where I check out books and read the news
  2. Shopping at the neighborhood grocery store, which offers affordable local produce
  3. Cooking vegan from scratch and eschewing plastic packaging
  4. Buying most things used (e.g., clothing, cookware, furniture, electronics, etc.)
  5. Taking short, cold showers, so as to (a) save precious water and (b) not use the gas water heater. (In the desert the water runs hot!)
  6. Line drying laundry. (In the desert the air runs dry!)
  7. Taking cash out of my bank account each week to pay for everything, except my bills, which I pay electronically
  8. Avoiding all forms of debt, including environmental debt
  9. Joining community classes (e.g., meditation, philosophy, bike maintenance, creative writing, nature appreciation, etc.)
  10. Visiting a new place or event every week in my city
  11. Frequently seeing, talking to or writing friends and family
  12. Giving my time, compassion and attention to new people, wherever I meet them
  13. Reading several new books a month
  14. Using the Internet purposefully and infrequently; avoiding social media
  15. Watching films at my local independent movie theater instead of online
  16. Using a flip phone. Leaving it at home (sometimes).
  17. Bicycle commuting
  18. Relying on maps and my own memory to navigate places
  19. Meditating at least once a day
  20. Whenever I can, relying on savings instead of insurance

Plus a few commitments:

  1. Energy: Purchasing solar blocks through a community solar program; using gas power sparingly (if at all)
  2. Housing: Living in a housing cooperative, where I own my condo but not the land
  3. Finances: Keeping my savings in a local credit union and investing in Socially Responsible Index Funds (while I research green investing)

In Part II of this entry, I will explore the effects of these practices. These habits require time and energy to learn. And they require letting go of old ways of doing things, which can be scary. But as my maternal grandfather always said, “you can always make a U-Turn!” The old way of doing things will still be there, if you choose to return.

I can say I feel much more connected to, well, life! The world feels more real, as I am embedded in my environment and more responsive to the way the world actually is. I regularly come into contact with people who do not share my level of education, youth/health or economic security. Plus, environmental and social realities remain in the forefront of my consciousness, exactly where they should be.

An important aspect of these practices is that they encourage day-to-day, ethical awareness, which is essential for fostering a real connection to nature and our fellow humans. How we navigate through each day has an enormous impact on our awareness.

So far, my enjoyment of these practices far outweighs the “convenience” of driving and maintaining my own vehicle, incessant and largely meaningless technology use, frozen pre-made meals, superficial relationships or buying whatever I wish (and likely do not need!) with the thoughtless click of a button.

Having every shallow desire immediately met is really not the stuff of happiness, after all. I think we all know this, deep down.

Please feel free to comment with your own experiments in living!

Thanks for listening,





Mountain Biking Mt. Lemmon (Tucson), photojournal

Few people know that Tucson is home to gigantic Mt. Lemmon or that it is named after a woman named “Sara Lemmon”! (In the native Tohono O’odham language, it is called, “Babad Doʼag”, meaning “Frog Mountain”.)

Saguaro cacti surround the base of the mountain, and aspens crown the peak, which sits at 9,000+ feet above sea level!

I chose to do part of the famous (or infamous?) Lemmon Drop bicycle ride. I rode up Catalina Highway (from Molino Basin) and down Upper Green Mountain Trail, Lower Bug Springs Trail and the Arizona Trail (back to Molino Basin).

My Route:

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Views from Catalina Highway (paved):


Windy Point



View of Thimble Peak

There is a fair bit of hike-a-bike (HAB) on the Green Mountain Trail. In general, the Mt. Lemmon trails are difficult and remote. So, I brought multi-sport cycling shoes, a GPS SPOT Tracker (with a search and rescue function), a lightweight emergency sleeping bag, a miniature first aid kit, bike lights, water purification tablets, a warm base layer and the tools/parts necessary for basic bicycle repairs. Better safe than sorry! (This, and more, fits in a 50 oz hydration pack.)

Upper Green Mountain:




Lower Bug Springs:


Arizona Trail back to Molino Basin:


I hope y’all are having a great Memorial Day Weekend!